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Diamonds

    Diamonds Search

Your Guide to Diamonds
of Quality

For centuries, men and women have found that the sparkle and brilliance of a quality diamond express their deepest emotions and symbolize their enduring love. Yet with many beautiful diamonds to choose from, and no two alike, how do you pick the right diamond while spending wisely? Educating yourself along with the guidance of your trusted jeweler, Peter & Co. Jewelers, will lead you to the answer.

To establish a diamond’s quality, jewelers examine each of the Four C's: cut, clarity, carat weight, and color. The combination of the Four C's determines the value of a particular diamond. The finest stones possess the rarest quality in each of the Four C's, and are the most valuable.

When you start to think about buying a diamond, and the love it will symbolize, you naturally want the best you can afford and a beautiful stone you will treasure forever. Diamonds can be found in a range of prices, and you are certain to find one that suits your taste and what you plan to spend.

The Four C's

CARAT

Larger diamonds are found relatively infrequently in nature, which places them at the rarest level. What also makes a bigger diamond so desirable is that it shows off a stone’s fine color and cut, and therefore its brilliance, to its best advantage. A diamond’s size is measured in carat weight, and each carat is equal to 100 points. A 0.75 carat diamond is the same as a 75-point diamond or a ¾ carat stone. While larger diamonds are highly prized, diamonds of equal size may vary widely in value and brilliance, depending on their qualities of clarity, cut and color.

CLARITY

The greater a diamond’s clarity, the more brilliant, valuable, and rare it is. Virtually all natural diamonds contain identifying characteristics, yet many are invisible to the naked eye. Under the magnification of a 10x jeweler’s loupe, natural phenomena, called inclusions can be seen. These are nature’s birthmarks, and they may look like crystals, clouds or feathers. Diamonds categorized as internally flawless reveal no such inclusions. The larger the inclusion or the larger the number of inclusions, the lower the grade and the less rare the diamond. The number, color, type, size, and position of the clarity
characteristics affect a diamond’s value.

F
IF
VVS1-VVS2
VS1-VS2
SI1-SI2
I1-I2-I3






COLOR

Diamonds are graded by color, starting at D and moving through the alphabet to Z. While diamonds appear white, virtually all display barely perceptible tints of color. Diamonds graded D, E, and F fall into the colorless range of the scale; they are rarer, and thus more expensive. However, well cut diamonds with good clarity of all color grades can be equally dazzling, as it is the interplay of the 4Cs that determines each diamond’s unique beauty.

D E F
G H I J
K L M
N O P Q R
S T U V W X Y Z
Colorless
Near Colorless
Faint Yellow
Very Light Yellow
Light Yellow

CUT

A well cut or faceted diamond, regardless of its shape, scintillates with fire and light, offering the greatest brilliance and value. While nature determines a diamond’s clarity, carat weight and color, the hand of a master craftsman is necessary to release its fire, sparkle and beauty. When a diamond is cut to good proportions, light will reflect from one mirror-like facet to another and disperse through the top of the stone, resulting in a display of brilliance and fire. Diamonds that are cut too deep or too shallow lose light that spills through the side or bottom. Consequently, a poor cut will decrease the value of the stone.



SHAPE


Click here to view our bridal collection

Click here to learn about the Diamond Grading Laboratory Comparison analysis from AGS Laboratories